All of us are products of biochemistry. For at least 3.5 billion years, life has evolved from primitive organisms into the complexity we humans experience. Yet the simple secret to how life works can be found in its four key atomic elements—each of which functions in its own unique way to perform biochemical activities.
The Four Basic Elements
The ‘atomic number’ for each element is the number of protons in an atom’s nucleus. The simplest element in the universe—Hydrogen, with the atomic number 1—has just one proton. Other elements that are vital to life on Earth are: Carbon with 6 protons, Nitrogen7 protons, and Oxygen 8 protons. And to round out this concept of atomic structure, the number of orbiting, negatively charged electrons usually matches the number of protons in the central nucleus. So, for example, Carbon has 6 negatively charged electrons orbiting around its nucleus that includes 6 positively charged protons and 6 neutrons.
Hydrogen (H) is the simplest element in the universe. Just 1 electron orbits in a single valence shell that can hold 2 electrons. Since the most highly reactive elements are those with either (a) just one electron in their outer shell, or (b) just one electron missing from having a complete shell, Hydrogen meets both conditions. Therefore, it readily combines with most elements, making it the unparalleled master at ‘working electron deals’ to form chemical compounds. Hydrogen’s Bonding abilities, both atom-to-atom and molecule-to-molecule, are fundamental to making the stuff of life. Its characteristic skill is easily sharing electrons for amalgamating all sorts of useful compounds.
Carbon (C) is the essential ingredient in all organic compounds. 2 of Carbon’s 6 electrons fill the atom’s inner shell, leaving 4 others as valence electrons to occupy a second shell that can hold 8 electrons. Thus, Carbon can share 4 of its electrons with other atoms and also share 4 electrons from others, including other Carbon atoms. This structure gives it the ability to ‘catenate’—that is, to sequentially link atoms into long, chain molecules that exhibit great complexity and strength. Indeed, Carbon is unique among life’s key elements for its sequence-forming, Stabilizing capabilities, making it the ideal chemical workhorse for the assembly and durable maintenance of an almost infinite variety of stable compounds.
The Nitrogen (N)that is plentiful in our atmosphere has 5 valence electrons in its second shell. So in compounding, it typically takes on 3 electrons from other atoms. But, the strong Nitrogen-to-Nitrogen bond of N2 (as it exists in the air) makes Nitrogen mostly unreactive with other elements. Yet when compounds do let go of Nitrogen, large amounts of energy are released by breaking this element’s strong bonds. The ‘breakdown’ (or ‘decomposition’) of a compound is the separation of that compound into simpler compounds or its elements—the opposite of chemical synthesis. Of life’s ‘Big Four’ elements, Nitrogen has the greatest predisposition for the disintegration of compounds rather than integration, for Separating and reverting to its elemental N or N2 form.
Oxygen (O)is the most abundant element in the Earth’s crust and oceans. It has 8 electrons, 6 of which are in the outer valence shell. Since it needs just 2 electrons to fill its outer shell, it is highly reactive and readily forms compounds with most other elements. Oxygen has a special capacity for accepting the actual transfer of electrons snatched from other elements to become the oxidizing agent in ‘redox’ reactions such as respiration and photosynthesis. Redox reactions create a net molecular change in this process of transformation. ‘Metabolism’ is a set of chemical transformations that allow organisms to grow, reproduce, develop structures, and adapt to their environments. Many metabolic processes involve redox reactions, so without Oxygen’s ability to take on electrons and serve as an oxidizing agent, these processes could not exist. Oxygen not only has an Adapting ability to engage in both covalent bonding and electron transfer reactions, but its variability in forming reactions that produce mutations and other chemical vagaries has prompted life to develop adaptive techniques to cope with Oxygen’s changeable characteristics.
The Four Chemical Elements of Our DNA Genetic Code
DNA’s four nucleobases are compounded from just four chemical elements. The molecular formula of the bases are: Adenine C5H5N5, Cytosine C4H5N3O, Guanine C5H5N5O, and Thymine C5H6N2O2.
Looking at the chemical formulae for the four bases, we see that except for Adenine they contain all of the ‘Big Four’ elements—but Adenine has no oxygen. This suggests that Adenine is not well suited for Adapting, but instead is employed for its Stabilizing skills. All of the bases contain nitrogen, but the one with the least amount of nitrogen is Thymine. This hints at Thymine representing the Bonding function, similar to hydrogen. And Thymine does contain more hydrogen than the other bases. Of the two remaining bases Guanine has more nitrogen, so perhaps this base handles a Separating function, much like nitrogen. That leaves Cytosine to play the Adapting role, similar to oxygen. And true to form, Cytosine has the least amount of carbon, so that fits, too.
Dopamine, equips us for exploration and adventure. It serves Adapting functions that enable us to desire, imagine, take an interest, create, explore, learn, optimize benefits, enhance capabilities, and expand awareness. Novelty-seeking activities involve experimenting and taking risks so we can change and improve our condition.
The Stabilizing, conserving influences of Serotonin, regularize repetitive motor activity, mood, appetite, sleep cycle, pain control, and immune system function. This biochemical tends to inhibit information processing in the nervous system and may serve to coordinate functions as needed for the task at hand to facilitate orderliness, precision, conscientiousness, and adherence to plans, details, methods, and habits.
Testosterone,—facilitates gender differentiation, manages gender-driven physiological processes, and deals with the stresses of competition. Testosterone directs the organization of more lateralized brain architecture that promotes systematizing skills, such as analyzing, figuring out how things work, spatial acuity, targeting, competitive interests, and technical aptitude. Its physical and mental influences tend to enhance individual dominance—that is, isolating and setting one apart from others in order to gain a personal advantage. This Separating function is critical to the successful achievement of individual needs and desires.
Oxytocin influences pro-social behaviors, including the establishment of trust, reading emotions in others, empathy, attachment, sexual arousal, pair-bonding, and nurturing. These Bonding activities—such as empathizing and relating—benefit group needs and interests.
Iridology like Reflexology uses the hands and feet to locate pressure points for every organ in the body, the iris can point out health issues in all the same organs. Denny Johnson in 1978 discovered that there were four distinct personality types in the patterns of the iris. They also revealed inherited traits from an individuals mother (left eye) and father (right eye). Depending on whether the structure surrounding the pupil, convex or concave, determined introversion and extroversion. Whichever eye had the most spots and stuff yielded left/right brained dominance.
The major problem with the Rayid system at least 80% of the population has brown eyes. Even blue eyed folks require a special close-in camera to get a good image to study.
Professional cosmetic photographers leave their reflection b/c of the distance. Even so this model is and example of a Extroverted Flower-Stream (most people are a combination of two of the four types).
Shakers combine the extremes of flower and jewel characteristics to produce the fourth personality type - the extremist. Highly motivated, radical, dynamic individuals, they exhibit great persistence and are continually chasing a better way of doing things.
Stream irises indicate a kinesthetic individual - a key phrase is "in touch" since these individuals tend to interpret life's experiences through their physical being or their physical senses.
Jewels in the iris are indicative of a mental type. They are typically analytical thinkers expressing themselves through speech. Slow to acknowledge feelings, jewels prefer to rely on accumulating and classifying data to arrive at the 'correct' decision.
Flower irises indicate an emotional personality. Flowers are social individuals who are exciting (for others) to be around. Highly reactive and changeable - flowers are passionate, enthusiastic and generally fun to be with.
All the physical, bio science, genetic code, even eyeball reading are static. Even a full genome workup, can't tell you what's going to happen tomorrow. "Where's the Beef?" How can we predict the future? Since time began man has used Astrology, with the naked eye and Astronomy, with instruments, to interpret the movements of the celestial entities. Gobeklitepe, as far as the science of archaeology can find is the world's first Star Gazing Data Center.
A community of Bronze Age hunter-gatherers built without tools an astrologically oriented fellowship structure in Gobeklitepe, Turkey, 12,000 years ago, 2,000 years before agriculture. The Dr. Schmidt, a German archaeologist claims the geometric formation and NSEW orientation resembles the 4,500 YO 'Medicine Wheel' found in the Southwestern US. The hunter-gatherers carved, now extinct, animal figures to adorn each of the four quadrants.
Evolution of Astrology
Native American tribes used traditional symbols to depict different kinds of temperaments. Their ‘Medicine Wheel’ is a circle that is divided into four quadrants by two strips of animal hide. The four ordinal points around this compass-like figure serve as a metaphor for four different perspectives on the circle of life. These are symbolized by the Buffalo (north) standing for cool wisdom, the Mouse (south) evoking innocent trust, the Bear (west) characterizing staying in place, and the Eagle (east) exemplifying illumination and vision. With the Buffalo opposite the Mouse and the Bear opposite the Eagle, the ‘wheel’ is consistent with our four-way diagram, except with the dominant Buffalo placed on top. This version of the Medicine Wheel is at least hundreds of years old. But some Native American ‘wheels’ (built of stones laid on the ground and having four or more spokes) date to as far back as 4,500 years ago.
The Chaldean's get the credit for stepping up to the plate and make prognostications of future events, way back in 400 BC. Although, they centered their operations in Babylon, to avoid the bright lights of Baghdad, they still missed two of the seven planets. However, their strong suit was numerology, cuneiform writing, forecasting Lunar-Solar eclipses.
The Chinese who had been heavy into this astrology business, for over 5,000 years, were getting restless, like everybody else, waiting for Galileo to invent the telescope. Thrifty buggers, they rolled their love of Mah Jong, invention of paper money, and playing cards into one. Invented in China over 1,000 years ago, it wasn't until 1300 when Marco Polo returned to Italy with the paper money and cards - those mahjong tiles are way too heavy -that the Europeans put the cards and astrology together.
Mahjong, Chinese Monopoly
From 1370 CE, several European nations (Spain, Germany, Italy, France) devised their own variants of the Egyptian deck —all of which had four suits. Figure 5 shows the commonly-used current icons for the four card suits, which were developed by the French around 1480 CE.
The French card suits reflect a deep intuitive expression of varied ways that people think and behave. The Spade is a descendant of the sword in the Tarot deck, a weapon for cleaving or separating one part from another. It’s opposite—the spade- shape turned upside down —is the heart. Portrayed in red with two semi-circular mounds representing the heart organ, the Heart is a universal symbol for relating and caring. It denotes the bonding and connecting of separate entities. Turning to the other pair of opposing suits, the Club is a series of lobed shapes folded protectively into themselves. The icon derives from the mace, which is a heavy club borne by a ruling official as a ceremonial staff of office. The word ‘club’ implies membership and stability. The multi-faceted Diamond, however, is pointed in all four outward directions—implying openness to new ideas. When polished and cut in facets, diamonds disperse light in divergent rays, symbolic of creativity.
“Stop right here. You’re wasting my time. This symbolic, mystic stuff isn’t scientific.” Agreed, it’s not tested science; rather, it’s intuitive imagery. Unfortunately, people associate card suits with astrology and the occult. Yet as we will see, the four suits actually are a useful, readily understood shorthand for representing the four functions and temperament traits. It should be easy to see how the cutting Spade exemplifies analysis and individuation as Separating functions, while the Heart expresses synthesis and connection as Bonding roles. The Club stands for Stabilizing duties of regulating, protecting, and maintaining, while the Diamond suggests exploring and creating as Adapting qualities. Interestingly, the Spade and Club icons—usually shown in black—sit upon stems and appear to be grounded. But the Diamond and Heart— usually shown in red—have points at the bottom, as if dangling in space.
In 1895 Olney Richmond, residing in south Michigan's hotbed of Dutch evangelism, put the math to the seance of card reading by anchoring a minimum of four cards to each day of the year' The personality cards were the birth card, an Ego card and a +karma and -karma. Akin, to the wobbly earth moving one degree every 72 years, completing its 360 degree sine curve path in a sprightly 25,920 years, humans do it in only 99. Richmond used ordinary playing cards as symbols for delineating the character traits of behavior as in Carl Jung's Quadrant Theory.
The Fab Four Cards remain fixed as your personal identity card.
They follow you through the seven planetary periods of 52 days beginning with Mercury followed by Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. Each step gets two new cards to describe what's new. Here is how it looks for the Donald.
The Eight of Spades in the Jupiter Period: This is one of the strongest symbols of business and personal power and success.
The Six of Spades in the Jupiter Period: During this period your business, health and financial interests should be running smoothly and steadily.
Now you know why Trump finished up 2017 with TAX Reform as his Jupiter Payday present. Nothing bad happens to anybody, even Trump, in an individual's 52 days in Jupiter. However, the Donald moved into Saturn on January 9th with Seven of Diamonds and a Six of Clubs. Saturn is the roughest 52 days of the year, it is back to school to learn a lesson about some non-elective subject.
The Seven of Diamonds in the Saturn Period: This card indicates a loss of money connected with the ill health of yourself, an associate, friend or relative or a lack of funds as the cause of your own health problems.
The Six of Clubs in the Saturn Period: Health conditions, whether good or bad, will not change under this influence. Intuition is present for you, but you may find it hard to follow, or fears prevent you from using it. You may feel that you are being forced by circumstances into making compromises and adjustments with others. Be aware of how you talk to others because what you give you will get in return.
Be open to others' ideas and plans in order to get the most out of this powerful influence. If you have told untruths in the past or made promises that you haven't kept, this may be the time that you have to pay up or come clean. Otherwise, this influence could indicate a time when you become much more aware of your life's purpose. You are being brought in line with the will of God.
The Five of Diamonds in the Saturn Period: Under Saturn this card brings a restlessness that contributes to a loss of money and financial insecurity.
The Eight of Diamonds in the Saturn Period: This card represents a large sum of money made through the illness, death, or loss of another (i.e. inheritance) or through plain or hard work. Or the money could be connected somehow to death, hospitals or healing. This can also mean a meeting of doctors. You may have to work hard under less than ideal conditions but you can be successful, and the money coming in now is proof of that. This card is one of overcoming illness or undesirable influences through patience and perseverance.
This card is such a strong influence that it will override any negative influences present during this period. Even if your other Saturn Card were one of challenge or problem, this card guarantees that you will have a successful outcome and an overcoming of difficulties by deciding exactly what you want and going after it.
Four Brain Quadrants
The diagram notes the locations of the four lobes of the brain— occipital, temporal, frontal, and parietal—and the location of the Sylvian fissure, a large, highly visible crease that roughly divides the brain into top and bottom parts.
William Marstonwas an American psychologist, inventor of an early prototype of the lie detector, self-help author, and comic book writer who created the character Wonder Woman. Marston is most famous in our world of 'what makes people tick' as the Father ofPsycho-metrics which led to the creation of DISC and many other psych tests utilizing Quadrant Theory to determine individual personality types and their behavior preferences.
"Mover Mode results when the top- and bottom-brain systems are both highly utilized. When people think in this mode, they are inclined to make and act on plans (using the top-brain system) and to register the consequences of doing so (using the bottom-brain system), subsequently adjusting plans on the basis of feedback. According to our theory, people who habitually rely on Mover Mode typically are most comfortable in positions that allow them to plan, act, and see the consequences of their actions."
I was introduced to the world of psycho-metrics as one of forty students in David Kolb's Organizational Behavior class at Case Western Reserve University. After, taking his Learning Style Inventory Instrument - it's very down market to call them tests - all forty of us, based on the results, headed to the four corners of the classroom. There were only two in my quadrant - excuse me - the Diverging Learning Style quadrant. The rest of the class was more evenly distributed. My brother in the corner and I queried Dr. Kolb, what's wrong with us? Answer: "Business administration is not your bag."
David A. Kolb is America’s foremost behavioral learning theorist whose interests and publications focus on experiential learning, the individual and social change, career development, and executive and professional education.
There are four primary learning styles: visual, auditory, read-write, and kinesthetic. People learn using a variety of these methods, but one method is usually predominant. Familiarity with the characteristics of each learning style and associated strategies allows you to address the needs of each type of learner.
"Perceiver Mode results when the bottom-brain system is highly utilized but the top-brain system is not. When people think in this mode, they use the bottom-brain system to try to make sense of what they perceive in depth; they interpret what they experience, put it in context, and try to understand the implications. However, by definition, people who are operating in Perceiver Mode do not often initiate detailed or complex plans."
I was exposed to this Quadrant stuff again, as a new home sales counselor, where I was supposed to size up my potential buyers as bulls, tigers, owls or lambs and tailor my sales pitch accordingly. I took my counselor title very seriously, by showing the Tigers the features, the Lambs the neighborhood, the Owls how they could afford the home and the Bulls which model fit their specifications. Over the course of four years and 100 first time home buyers of every ethnic group save the Chinese, I added the Doers, Dreamers, Deciders, Developers labels. My humble contribution to Carl Jung's work on psycho-analysis.
There's Eugene and then there is the rest of the world. It's not a city, it's one big ashram of 166,000 people living life in a parallel universe. Right-of-passage to obtain a residence permit and an Oregon driver's license, requires total immersion into the study of personal identity. Whom Am I? Where had I been all my life? Don't they teach that in school? Oh, that's right you're coming from Texas, you wouldn't understand.
Sold my, no-no, gave my car away, like taking a vow of biking, jogging or walking. Consumed copious quantities of quinoa - not really copious, how much quinoa can anybody eat? My previous lifetime of sedentary activities ruled out biking and jogging. Thirteen months of strenuous snail's pace walking, countless hours of coffee shop visitations and the search of used book stores for 'Who Am I' tomes led me to my life-time Epiphany:
I am a JACK of Clubs.
"Stimulator Mode results when the top-brain system is highly utilized but the bottom-brain system is not. According to our theory, when people rely on Stimulator Mode they may be creative and original, but they do not always know when “enough is enough”—their actions can be disruptive, and they may not adjust their behavior appropriately."
Even though I had lived in Cincinnati, Cleveland, Atlanta, and Scottsdale, my knowledge of Astrology was so limited, at voter registration I failed the, 'What's your sign?' question. My ignorance was dissipated through picture books at Borders - I might have made it through Calculus if all the formulas were illustrated with playing cards.
"Adaptor Mode results when neither the top- nor the bottom-brain system is highly utilized. People who are thinking in this mode are not caught up in initiating plans, nor are they fully focused on classifying and interpreting what they experience. Instead, our theory predicts that they are open to becoming absorbed by local events and immediate imperatives. They should tend to be action-oriented, and responsive to ongoing situations."
Robert Lee Camp became my new psycho-babel hero by making astrology simple enough that even an architect could understand. What convinced me of the wisdom of 52 'Who Am I' cards was how they correlated perfectly with Psycho-Metrics and Jungian Quadrant theory. The Bulls were Spades, the Tigers were Diamonds, the Owls were Clubs and the Lambs were Hearts.
"Each of us has a dominant mode, which is a distinctive feature of our personality—as characteristic and as central to our identity as our attitudes, beliefs, and emotional makeup." How the Brain Creates PersonalityStephen M. Kosslyn and G. Wayne Miller
Love Cards gave the characteristics of each card and the meaning of Birth, Ego and Karma cards. However, his second book, Cards of your Destiny, opened my Pandora's fortune-telling box. Freud, Jung, Marston, Kolb and all the psychologists of the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor can delineate in nauseating detail the answer to Who We Are and Why We Do What We Do but the System of the Cards can tell us where We Are Going.
The age old question nurture or nature. are we born with a fixed personality? If I took the Myers-Briggs today would my Type Indicator change? Probably, not enough to move me out of the ENFP box but in Astrology life goes in cycles - 'every day is a new day.' Nevertheless, each day comes in 52 varieties with annual performances on the world stage from 0-99 years of age. The Nurture part comes in 'the station born' silver spoon, chop sticks, finger bowl or no bowl.
Karma for the JACK of Clubs - Fear of Established Wisdom.
Oprah 63 Moore 63 Maxine 79
These JACK of Clubs Owls have each Decided to overcome their Fear of Established Wisdom in different ways. They share the same plot outline, getting new lines on their birthday, which foretells where they are headed, whether they want to go there or not.